Joint issue with the Czech Republic
700th anniversary of the accession to the throne of Bohemia by the House of Luxembourg
Jean Ist of Luxembourg, known as « The Blind », was born on 10 August 1296 at Luxembourg castle. He was the son of Henri VII, count of Luxembourg and future Holy Roman Emperor, and of Marguerite of Brabant (1276-1311). In 1310 he married Elisabeth Přemyslovna (1292-1330), sister of Venceslas III, the last king of the Přemyslid dynasty of Bohemia. As a result of this marriage, Jean of Luxembourg became king of Bohemia in 1310 and, because of this title, a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. At the time of the death of his father in 1313, he did not succeed him as emperor, his supporters abandoning him at the last moment because they felt he would not be elected.
Half French by his education (his maternal grandmother was Marguerite,
a daughter of Saint Louis), Jean of Luxembourg was caught up in the struggle for empire between the Hapsburgs and the Wittelsbachs and sought to benefit his own dynasty as a result of the conflict.
The foreign policy of Jean of Luxembourg, little understood at the time,
was founded on diplomacy and a focused matrimonial policy rather than on the force of arms, and was undoubtedly a modern and dynamic policy. Because of him, and especially because of his son Charles IV, French and Italian culture came to Bohemia. Jean of Luxembourg was known for his loyalty to the king of France, in whose service he fought and died at the battle of Crécy in 1346.
The House of Luxembourg ruled the Kingdom of Bohemia from 1310 to 1437 through Jean of Luxembourg, Charles IV, Venceslas IV and Sigismond.
|Price of the series :||1,34 €|
|Price of the Czech stamp sheet:||3,20 €|
|Drawings:||Karel Zeman (CZE);|
|Printing:||Combined photogravure and engraving by PTC, Praha (CZE);|
|Dimensions of the stamps:||
44 x 26 mm;
|Luxembourg stamp sheet:||10 stamps per sheet;|
|Czech stamp sheet:||5 stamps per sheet.|